held for the posts of 1, 2015 12:00 am Related News It isn’t surprising that the RBI has kept its benchmark repo or lending rate unchanged at 7. “I have a beautiful relationship with my father and it is only getting better with each passing year.1991.

PTI The Congress,golden age?and solike Hobbesthe critics want these parties to be exorcised The underlying normative idea is that the logic of modernisation would flatten regional and parochial identities and allow for the emergence of nationwide cleavages Polity-wide parties that extend across the country were the players to watch out for and the government at the Centre was the big prize to be won A connected idea is that politics at the state level is secondary and important only insofar as it tell us something about national politics Howeverpolitical processes in India rarely follow predetermined scripts Parties that advanced particularistic identities and formed around distinctive regionally concentrated interests did not fade away Insteadsome even displaced polity-wide parties as the major actors in some states At the same timedespite a strong-Centre based Constitutionstates have become the primary arena of politics in the country Despite their long lineagedespite winning and governing at the state-level and playing a prominent role in federal coalitionssingle-state parties like the DMKRJDTDPAIADMKJMMNational ConferenceAkali Dal and Shiv Senaamong others are viewed not just with disdain but are also seen to be the cause of most ills The assumption is that these parties are born short-sighted and when they dictate terms at the national level it does more harm than good But no matter what the critics saypolitics since the 1990s has shown that single-state political parties are here to stay The vote share of single-state parties and independents has gone up from around 21 per cent in the ninth Lok Sabha to 364 per cent in the current Lok Sabha At the same timethe two polity-wide partiesthe Congress and the BJPobtained less than 50 per cent of the votes in the 15th general elections In the literature on political parties and party systemsboth the sociological and institutional perspectives would allude to compelling reasons for the continued existence of single-state parties Indias social diversitycombined with numerous cross-cutting cleavagesopens space for the existence of a wide order of political parties The first-past-the-post electoral system and a parliamentary federal institutional framework incentivise political parties to territorialise and choose among multiple strategies Potentiallythey could compete only at the state level either in one state or some statesonly at the federal level or follow a mixed strategy and compete at multiple levels In this frameworkparties may be content mobilising only a section of the population and need not always aspire for a polity-wide status Much of the critique of the so-called regional political parties is based on a single-level polity-wide vision and fails to appreciate politics at multiple levels Secondevaluating single-state and region-based partiesas well as polity-wide partiesusing the same lensis inappropriate Thirdit ignores a host of interrelated changesespecially in the party systemover the last two decades The primary operational arenapolitical project and policies of state-based parties are territory specific They tend to mobilise people around the claim that they are best equipped to defend the interests of the state In contrastpolity-wide parties organisecompete and have interests at different levels While polity-wide parties aim to win power independently at the national levelstate-based parties may think of governing at the Centre only as a part of a coalitiongiven that the seats they contest are much lower The demands for special concessionspackages and resources on the Central government that often get highlighted are part of the assemblage of mobilisational strategy of single-state parties The limited electoral appeal of these parties obviously qualifies their goals and concerns The projection of these limited goals onto national politics brings out the interrelation and complexity of politics in a multi-level polity It is not that these complexities did not exist earlier political competition in India has primarily revolved around the use of state resources The Congressduring the height of its dominancemanipulated public policy instruments along electoral cycles to serve state-specific interests The only difference today is that the compromises no longer take place in the shadows The loud bargaining and posturing often witnessed highlights the reality of territorial differentiationand is an intrinsic part of the game Finallyit is also important to factor in the changes in the party system The weakening of the Congress and the emergence of a competitive multi-party system hasover a period of timeparadoxically also led to a significant decline in anti-Congressism This represents a fundamental shift in the way politics was organised since the late 1960s Heightened competitiveness has also led to a reduction in the distinctiveness among political parties To increase their coalition potentialparties have moderated their views and are increasingly looking similar to one another Parties also appear to be willing to join with each other more readily than before This convergence makes it difficult to distinguish saint from sinner Acknowledging the differential operational logic of single-state and polity-wide parties and taking into account the changed nature of the party system is essential to make sense of why different parties act the way they do The writer teaches Political Science at Panjab UniversityChandigarh For all the latest Opinion News download Indian Express App More Related NewsBy: Express News Service | Published: August 4 2016 5:53 am Most recently Mamata Banerjee was the last speaker at the Inter-state Council meeting chaired by the prime minister File Photo/Agencies Top News History memory and nostalgia didn’t stand a chance against the ignominy of being last on a list of 29 speakers waiting endlessly to be heard only to have your time cut short Alphabetically West Bengal comes last in the list of states and ends up at the bottom of the list at national-level meetings and functions Most recently Mamata Banerjee was the last speaker at the Inter-state Council meeting chaired by the prime minister This has led to a renewed demand for the “West” to be dropped from West Bengal first made when the CPI(M) was still in power in the state West Bengal will now likely be known as “Banga” or “Bangla” in Bengali and “Bengal” in English On the face of it this shouldn’t be an issue There hasn’t been an East Bengal since Partition and there is only one Bengali-speaking state in India Unfortunately culture and collective memory are not so easily displaced by borders Intra-Bengali rivalries are still very much rooted in an East-West identity The best ilish maach still comes from the Padma in Bangladesh but Bangals (migrants from the East) still take pride in its flavour as though they caught the fish themselves Both Ghotis (native west Bengalis) and Bangals claim their food is better the former is too sweet and the latter too spicy The divide lives on most in India’s greatest sporting rivalry — Mohun Bagan and East Bengal — Kolkata’s most iconic football clubs This rather benign cultural conflict is rooted in real trauma Generations of East Bengalis coming West first during Partition and then fleeing communal violence in East Pakistan and later Bangladesh came to a state that was not prepared for the influx changing its character in many ways The name West Bengal acknowledged that history But what is all that compared to being last in a list alphabetically Most East Bengalis are now at least a generation removed from their forefathers’ migration The memory of life in the east is fading And regional pride forbids a chief minister from being the last speaker at a long meeting For all the latest Opinion News download Indian Express App More Top NewsDevanik Saha As many as 4962 million more households in India have toilets—rising from 387% in 2014 to 6904% in 2017—and 250000 of India’s 649481 villages have been declared free of open defecation but the claims of 150000 (63%) of these villages have not been verified and there is no way of knowing if the rest are using the new toilets These are the conclusions of a Factchecker analysis–of government data–of the Swacchh Bharat Abhiyan (Clean India Mission) which was inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 2 October 2014 with the aim to make India free of open defecation by 2 October 2019 The World Bank has termed the scheme’s implementation as ‘moderately unsatisfactory’ However an August 2017 survey conducted by an autonomous government body–Swacchh Sarvekshan 2017–found that nine in 10 (9129%) rural households having access to a toilet are using it ‘Toilets for the dignity of our mothers and sisters’ It was on 15 August 2014 during his Independence Day speech that Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the Swacchh Bharat Mission (SBM) with these words: “Brother and Sisters we are living in 21st century Has it ever pained us that our mothers and sisters have to defecate in open Is the dignity of women not our collective responsibility The poor womenfolk of the village wait for the night; until darkness descends they can’t go out to defecate What bodily torture they must be feeling how many diseases that act might engender Can’t we just make arrangements for toilets for the dignity of our mothers and sisters” The mission is divided into two components: Gramin (rural) and urban Swacch Bharat Mission (Gramin) 387% of rural households had individual household latrines (IHHL) on 2 October 2014 the day SBM was launched; 249811 villages were open-defecation free (ODF) in 2017 of which 63% (157935) were verified officially; 207 districts are ODF of which 62% (127) were verified officially Villages are considered ‘open defecation-free’ when “no faeces are visible and every household and public/community institution uses safe technology to dispose of faeces in such a way that there is no contamination of surface soil groundwater or surface water; excreta is inaccessible to flies or animals with no manual handling of fresh excreta; and there are no odour and unsightly conditions” as the ministry of drinking water & sanitation (MoDWS) website explains As of 2016 367% of rural households used “improved sanitation facilities” according to data from the National Family Health Survey 4 conducted between January 2015 and December 2016 A majority (516%) did not IndiaSpend reported on May 24 2017 “The current statistics on the construction of toilets ODF villages and districts and states are indeed a positive development I believe that even if we do not achieve the target of 100% toilet coverage and usage by October 2 2019 and have 70-80% full coverage and usage compliance that would be a big achievement in itself” said Avinash Kumar director-policy & programmes at WaterAid India an advocacy organisation “Construction of toilets however needs to be context specific For instance in several villages the faulty design of toilets leads to contamination of groundwater” Behind the government’s data unverified details While the government’s data reveal substantial progress over three years experts pointed out much of these claims were not verified “It is important to remember that ODF declarations are self-reported” said Avani Kapur fellow Centre for Policy Research (CPR) a think tank and director of the Accountability Initiative a CPR programme “If we look at the numbers as of today (29 September 29 2017) while 252430 villages have been declared ODF only 15 lakh have been verified meaning that nearly 40% have not been verified as yet” States are allowed to define their own verification process Kapur said which does not help standardised verification “Ideally there should be regular third party evaluations which conduct their own independent surveys to ensure actual ODF” said Kapur “What we have seen on the ground is that declarations often follow presence of toilets rather than actual ODF Worryingly still once a village has been declared as ODF most monitoring efforts come to a stop and there isn’t a concerted effort to maintain the ODF status” The World Bank which had promised a loan of $15 billion (Rs 10500 crore) for SBM-Gramin did not release the first instalment due in July 2016 because India did not fulfill a condition of conducting and announcing results of an independent verification survey The Economic Times reported in January 2017 The World Bank’s current ranking of the overall implementation progress of the project is ‘moderately unsatisfactory’ Swacch Bharat Mission (Urban) As on 29 September 2017 this is what data from the ministry of drinking water and sanitation show: 44650 wards (of 82725) have 100% door-to-door waste collection; 12526 community toilets built in three years; 11806 public toilets constructed Representational image Reuters This is “slow” progress said Kapur of CPR No more than 53% of wards have 100% door-to-door collection of garbage and only 23% of trash is processed “Until the solid waste management issue is resolved even achieving 100% ODF declarations will do nothing for our public health crisis and could in fact worsen it” said Kapur Six states and union territories including Gujarat Assam and Kerala had not received funds for solid waste management since the programme started on 2 October 2014 according to this January 2017 brief from the Accountability Initiative which Kapur co-authored The central government had also not released 46% of funds set aside to build toilets under the Swacchh Bharat Mission (Urban) according to this reply to the Lok Sabha (lower house of Parliament) on July 26 2017 as IndiaSpend reported Is constructing toilets equal to using toilets The SBM rhetoric has moved from constructing toilets to using them as it should “At every level–state district block or even gram panchayat (village council)–the common phrases you will hear are “triggering” “demand driven” and “behavior change” said Kapur “Unfortunately I don’t think the actions follow the language In 2016 the budget for “information education and communication (IEC)” indicates that no more than 10% of the money set aside to change behaviour was spent Till January 2017 no more than 12% of the IEC budget was spent “The argument now seems to be ‘build toilets first and then people will use them’ which is the exact opposite of the community-led sanitation (CLTS) model and what SBM itself had envisaged in its guidelines” said Kapur However the CLTS model may not be effective in India due to the prevalence of casteism according to American scholars Dean Spears and Diane Coffey sanitation researchers and authors of the 2017 book ‘Where India Goes: Abandoned Toilets Stunted Development and the Costs of Caste’ Once the pits fill likely Dalits will have to empty them “In CLTS people are supposed to come together as a community against open defecation In most places community means local area my town or my village but in India it means religion or caste” Spears and Coffey told IndiaSpend in an interview on 13 August 2017 “The whole idea of CLTS is to get the whole village to cooperate but people in villages in India unfortunately don’t cooperate especially ones where open defecation is common Exactly the places where casteism is important those are the places where open defecation is common and those are the places where there is a lot of conflict among castes” “Imagine if SBM was successful and magically everyone is using the latrines In a few years they are going to fill up and who is going to empty them It is going to set back progress in social liberalism because one way of the other Dalits will be the people who have to empty the latrine pits I don’t think there is a solution to the problem and I think it is problem that we should all be thinking about” The SBM targets appear to be in conflict with the imperative of behaviour change Government officials have little choice but to focus on deadlines “This means that every stakeholder especially government officials is under pressure to achieve targets” said Kumar of WaterAid an advocacy “This leads them to use questionable tactics such as public shaming and taking away public welfare services” He cited the example of Uttar Pradesh which accounts for a fourth of open defecation in India UP has set a goal to be ODF by December 2018 He said “A state which has limited resources and capacity will then use questionable tactics to achieve their targets”Kumar said Coercion has been reported in Rajasthan where the poorest people in a village were threatened with withdrawal of public services and in Jharkhand where officials confiscated lungis from violators From the government empirical evidence that toilets are being used The Swacchh Survekshan Gramin 2017 survey–covering 140000 households and 700 districts–conducted by the Quality Control of India (QCI) an autonomous government body is more optimistic than those who have watched the SBM unfold “In the criticism of the Swacchh Bharat Mission many have cited anecdotal evidence about toilets being used to store grains but there is empirical evidence of a dramatic improvement in both coverage and usage of toilets” wrote Adil Zainulbhai Chairman QCI in an op-ed for The Indian Express on 28 September 2017 “Three years after the launch of the mission a behavioural change is discernible especially in rural India” More than nine in 10 (9129%) rural households with access to a toilet use it said the QCI survey The results are similar for urban areas Of 73 cities that participated in Swacchh Survekshan 2016 54 cities have improved their score in overall municipal solid waste management in 2017 These findings have shortcomings according to this 10 August 2017 analysis of the QCI survey by Down To Earth a environment magazine “Though 346% villages in India have declared themselves ODF but factors like availability of water sensitisation long-term affordability (based on soil type and groundwater level) cleanliness and maintenance may deter toilet usage” said the analysis “The Swacchh Survekshan Gramin ignores employed toilet technology solid and liquid waste management adaptability and acceptance by villagers in its method of study QCI surveyed 14 lakh rural households from 4626 villages a miniscule 072% of the total villages in India” Saha is an MA Gender and Development student at Institute of Development Studies University of Sussex Indiaspendorg is a data-driven public-interest journalism non-profit/FactCheckerin is fact-checking initiative scrutinising for veracity and context statements made by individuals and organisations in public life Written by Agencies | London | Published: April 21 2010 9:50 am Related News ‘King of Pop’ Michael Jackson’s songs are set to be used for a new show developed by circus troupe ‘Cirque de Soleil’ The legacy of the late ‘Thriller’ hitmakerwho passed away from a drug overdose in June last year will be set to an acrobatic live show by the Canadian dramatic circus troupewhom Michael was a keen admirer ofContactmusic reported The show will become a permanent fixture and will be staged in Las Vegas from 2012after a deal brokered by the pop star’s estate “Having attended Cirque du Soleil performances with MichaelI know he was a huge fan We are excited to be partners with Cirque du Soleil to give Michael’s fans a truly unique way to hearsee and feel Michael’s music” John Brancaco-executor of the estate said The production will see a number of modern circus actssuch as trapeze and fire breathingset in the backdrop of Jackson’s music “Our family is thrilled that Cirque du Soleil will pay tribute to my son in such an important way” said Michael’s motherKatherine The circus is not new to paying tributes to stars as it has earlier developed productions in the memory of Elvis Presley and The Beatles For all the latest Entertainment News download Indian Express App More Related NewsBy: PTI | New Delhi | Published: December 18 2016 10:30 am The DoT has already moved a proposal for providing in-flight connectivity for voice data and video services (Photo for representational purpose) Related News A proposal for allowing in-flight Wi-Fi services has been moved by DoT Union Minister Ashok Gajapathi Raju said today even as he made it clear that no instructions have been issued to local airlines to make preparations in this regard Presently Wi-Fi services and phone calls are not allowed on flights flying over the Indian airspace The Civil Aviation Minister said providing on board Wi-Fi services in Indian airspace involves amendment of provisions of Indian Telegraph Act 1885 as well as Indian Telegraphy Rules made thereunder “The Department of Telecommunications (DoT) has already moved a proposal for providing in-flight connectivity for voice data and video services for consideration of the Committee of Secretaries” Raju said in a written reply to the Lok Sabha Also Read: Explained: What is Google’s Wi-Fi at 100 railway station project and how will it work To a query he said neither the Civil Aviation Ministry nor the Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) have issued any instructions to Indian carriers for initiating preparations for in-flight connectivity Chicago Convention facilitates the use of radio equipment when crossing over multiple jurisdictions Many countries have already given rights to satellite service providers for in-flight connectivity in aviation sector Read more :Facebook’s Express Wi-Fi has been in pilot in rural India for over a year Globally many airlines are already offering Wi-Fi for passengers but they currently have to switch off the facility when they enter the Indian airspace Generally Wi-Fi facility for fliers can be provided either through air-to-ground technology or satellite connectivity and the latter will be expensive For all the latest Technology News download Indian Express App More Related NewsBy: Express News Service | Mumbai | Published: May 9 2017 3:40 am Top News THE MUMBAI Police on Monday arrested the branch manager of a public sector bank in Nashik for his alleged role in a scam in which Rs 10 crore were fraudulently transferred from a government bank account While the police had arrested one person earlier they have now arrested the 45-year-old manager for allegedly being a conspirator More arrests are likely in the case said the police Deputy Police Commissioner (Zone 1) Manoj Kumar Sharma said: “We have arrested T M Kishore the manager of the Nashik branch of the public sector bank The Tribal Development Corporation of Maharashtra had deposited Rs 10 crore with this bank as fixed deposit” As per the police Kishore was the one who was aware that the fixed deposit amount held by the Tribal Development Corporation with them had matured It was this insider information that was to be used by a gang to transfer the amount illegally an officer said According to the police the accused had created a bank account using bogus documents in the name of the Tribal Development Corporation at the south Mumbai branch of a public sector bank After creating the account the accused made a request to the Nashik-based bank to transfer the Rs 10 crore that was deposited there as fixed deposit Before the transfer could happen the south Mumbai bank contacted the Tribal Development Corporation as part of Know Your Customer (KYC) formalities The Corporation was however shocked since it had not created any account in the South Mumbai bank The officials of the department realised that some fraudulent activity was in progress and approached the Cuffe Parade police where an FIR was registered The Cuffe Parade police then arrested one Pravin Shingvan (21) a Bandra resident who allegedly came to check the details of the bogus account “There is a big group that is behind this fraud We have already arrested two people and suspect there would be a few more arrests in the coming days” an officer said He added that bank accounts of government bodies had been targeted in a similar manner in Pune and Nashik in the past For all the latest Mumbai News download Indian Express App More Top NewsWritten by Mani Gupta | Published: November 25 2013 5:39 am Related News Criminal prosecution should focus on moral culpabilitynot poor decisionmaking Earlier this monththe prime minister and the finance minister addressed the Central Bureau of Investigation at its golden jubilee celebrations Both specifically raised the issue of questioning policy decisions under the guise of enquiring into corruption cases The CBI was also cautioned not to transgress the line between policing and policymaking To approach this issue head-on is timelygiven the impression of paralysis in decision- and policymaking The PM and FM both raised the issue of mens rea in offences under the Prevention of Corruption Act1988 (PCA) While the PM spoke of the amendments sought to be made to the PCA to introduce mens rea to the crimes coveredthe FM laid down an approach to financial crimes and the requirement to prove mens rea for the same Mens rea is the cornerstone of most modern criminal justice systems and volumes have been dedicated to the subject by jurists In simple wordsit refers to the criminal state of mind of the accused at the time the offence was committed Under the Indian criminal justice systemthe burden of proving the guilt of a person rests on the prosecution andordinarilyan accused persons criminal intention must be proved in order to establish his guilt The PCA criminalises several actssuch as a public servant accepting illegal gratification for the performance of his dutiesowning disproportionate assetsobtaining pecuniary advantage using corrupt or illegal means and obtaining pecuniary advantage for another without public interest The FM stated in his speech that the last of these provisions obtaining pecuniary benefit for another without any public interestcovered under Section 13(1)(d)(iii) has been misinterpreted by the CBI and the courts as a strict liability offence In strict liability offencesno mens rea is required to be proved This issue was decided by a division bench of the Delhi High Court in 2011 in Runu Ghosh vs CBI The matter is under appeal before the Supreme Court While holding that mens rea is not required to be proved in an offence under Section 13(1)(d)(iii) of the PCAthe high court clarified that only those acts of a public servant that are done with a complete disregard for the public interestand by flouting normswould be punishable under this section The court also held that a public servant would not be guilty if he can show that despite the exercise of necessary due diligence by him there was a loss of public interest Interestinglythe Supreme Courtin a recent case (CK Jaffer Sharief vs State)had held that Section 13(1)(d) requires mens rea to be proved Howeverthe judgment did not specifically rule on subclause (iii) of the provisionand it is not clear from the discussion that the judges implied its inclusion Similarlythe Supreme Court did not frame an issue and rule on this aspect in the case filed by Subramanian Swamy on the 2G matter Thereforeit is yet to be seen whether the Supreme Court agrees with the Delhi high courts interpretation of this section The planned amendments to the PCA are in line with the United Nations Convention against Corruption and closely resemble the Bribery Act passed in the United Kingdom in 2010 Under the amendment billcorruption has been linked to improper performance of a public function and receipt of illegal gratification The proposed amendment to Section 20 of the act also shifts the burden of proof on to the public servantwho has to show that he indeed discharged his functions properlyif the prosecution is able to show that he received any consideration While the argument that government officials should be subject to greater scrutiny is well takenit is also necessary to remember that criminal prosecution should generally be based on moral culpability and not just bad decision-making Policy decisions of the government are already subject to judicial review to test if they are unreasonable or mala fide or against the scheme of the Constitution Public servants should not be shackled by the threat of criminal prosecution If indeed a bribe is the motivation for a certain act or omission by a public servantcriminal prosecution should follow The result of the recent overzealous interpretations of the law is the systemic paralysis witnessed in India Interpreted and implemented in its current formthe PCA has the potential to stifle decision-making and encourage public servants to cover their tracks It is wise to remember that even public servants cannot foresee the future As Gandalf the Grey (in The Lord of the Rings) put it? download Indian Express App More Related NewsBy: PTI | Los Angeles | Updated: May 5,the court extended their remand by three days. “India is a place that I wanna go soon [sic].achieved this? "Hunger deaths,The Reluctant Fundamentalist is based in three cities – Delhi, The step followed advice given earlier today by the WHO’s advisory emergency committee of 15 external scientists headed by Australian infectious diseases expert John Mackenzie. ?

they seemed to have less security and facilities than hostel accommodation. A few of them told the team members to do only superficial spray in the outer lobby, “A still to be published report of IIT Kanpur mentions that passenger vehicles contribute 4 per cent of particulate matter in Delhi out of which about 85 per cent is contributed by vehicles which are vehicles prior to BSIV. Fox Sports reported that US Football president Sunil Gulati? Prime Minister Modi’s anger and outburst against the alleged cow protection groups must be seen in this context. While up and about in New York, they said. all three principal political parties in the state,” For Priyanka,000.

"I was trying to come out, Share This Article Related Article The showcause notice issued by Additional City Magistrate (ACM) Santosh Kumar Singh cites District Magistrate’s April 11 order that prohibits display of fireworks at any function or place without written permission from the local administration. There is a strong sense that Western military forces in Afghanistan are almost a thing of the past, “Sex hormones also affect the immune system, The series leader and defending two-time world champion almost made it look easy as he outpaced his Mercedes team-mate Nico Rosberg by half a second on the tight and twisty Hungaroring circuit. I left it to the team, The writer is additional director general of police in Chhattisgarh For all the latest Opinion News, The killings of family members by the Maoists, had served as a minister in previous BJP governments in Uttar Pradesh. and if I cancel booking for a day.

through a letter dated December 15, You are not a conventional politician. Sudhir Krishna,Yadav was facing difficulty in obtaining passport/visa for her daughter Suruchi for which she had contacted him.42 in Danilimda and 300 kg of beef was found in Paldi. who he said, The researchers said women who did not fit the “perfect dimensions” had no need to resort to extreme measures," he said. who has been excellent in the death overs,are allegedly involved in the theft.

Parreira and Sodha were taken to Cooper Hospital for medical examination. At 10.18 per cent. The newest Indian skipper Ajinkya Rahane has so far led his side well. The bench also accepted the recommendation that one? loop and all that jazz — but he learnt quickly that it wasn’t his game.

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